European Bike Facilities

London: contra-flow bicycle lane and traffic calming hump.  Note the white triangle to warn motorists to slow down for the hump.

London: another road hump to slow motorists, without squeezing cyclists.  Tthe white triangles warn motorists of the raised surface.

Improved safety at traffic lights with an advanced stop sign or 'bike box'.  Motorists must stop on the grey pavement, but cyclists can use the left hand lane (green) and stop in front of the motor vehicles.  This makes sure that vehicle drivers see cyclists and makes right turns easier and safer.
London: route signs for cyclists.  In Armidale, a map and sign at the intersection of the cycleway with Elm Avenue would advertise this pleasant route to visitors to UNE. 

Below is one picture of Amsterdam's traffic in the 1970s (click to enlarge). The public demanded an end to the high road toll and unpleasant car-filled streets, creating the healthy, environmentally-friendly urban streets we know today.

As explained in this cycle blog, from 1950 to 1975, the bicycle was almost entirely excluded from the government's vision"(Dutch Bicycle Master Plan 1999). The number of deaths on the roads rose, especially children on their way to and from school. In 1972, a total of 3264 people were killed on Dutch roads, and at around the same time, in 1973, 450 road deaths were of children.

In 1973, the pressure group "Stop de Kindermoord" ("Stop the Child Murder") was founded. They campaigned to reduce the deaths of children on the roads. They successfully influenced the Dutch government to re-emphasize building of segregated cycle paths, and to make money available to pay for them. This resulted in both a rise in cycling and a reduction in cyclist deaths, reversing the previous trend. It has been a success not only for child cyclists, but for all cyclists, and indeed for the whole population.

Between 1972 and 2013, fatalities on the roads dropped dramatically in the Netherlands. Child fatalities have reduced to just 2% of the previous level.

London: pedestrian crossings can also be raised to slow traffic without creating a squeeze point for cyclists.

London: bike logo on the road to alert motorists to the presence of cyclists, also suggest where cyclists should ride.  Sharrows symbols are another way of doing this.

London: another view of the 'bike box' or advanced stop sign.

Contra-flow bicycle lane in Munich, where vehicles drive on the right.  This is a one-way street - cars must go towards the front of the picture.  The cyclist is going in the opposite direction.  No costly facilities have been installed, only a painted bike logo and other road markings at the intersections with other roads.